Alerting and warning

Alerting and warning signals are being submitted by alarm sirens (some of the sirens have the ability to emit alarms and voice messages) and mass media - radio and television. Additionally, some communes, districts and provinces are making use of other ways of informing, like text messages (SMS) through the mobile phone network, megaphones and home to home notifications.

Air alert - warning of the airborne danger

Alert announcement:

Acoustic signal Verbal announcement Visual signal
Attention! Attention! Attention!

I'm announcing an alarm (the cause, a kind of alarm) for the city...

Modulated siren sound, broadcasted for 3 minutes Message repeated three times Yellow sign in a shape of a triangle or, where appropriate, another figure

If you're in an apartment:

  • Dress up
  • Switch off all electrical and gas appliances and extinguish the fire in the stove
  • Close windows and secure the apartment
  • Take your evacuation backpack
  • Alert your neighbours (they may not have heard the alarm signal)
  • Go to the nearest shelter or other safe place, like underground garage or station

If you’re outdoor:

  • Stop working (switch off machines and equipment), studying, attending an event, etc.
  • Go to the nearest shelter or hiding place
  • Assist weaker, older people and children
  • Listen carefully to the orders of the emergency services

Alert cancellation:

Acoustic signal Verbal announcement Visual signal
Attention! Attention! Attention!

I'm cancelling an alarm (the cause, a kind of alarm) for the city...

No signal
Continuous siren sound, broadcasted for 3 minutes Message repeated three times

Natural disasters and environmental threats alarms – announced in order to inform the population about the threat of flooding, forest fire, natural disaster, etc.

Alert announcement:

Acoustic signal Verbal announcement
Attention! Attention! Attention!

People in the area ... At (hour)... may occur ... (kind of a threat)

Continuous siren sound, broadcasted for 3 minutes Message repeated three times

If you're in an apartment:

  • Switch on the radio or television for a local programme to listen to the emergency messages
  • Follow strictly the instructions given in the emergency messages
  • Alert your neighbours (they may not have heard the alarm signal)
  • In case of highly hazardous chemical substances threat - seal windows, doors, ventilation openings and don’t leave the apartment without special instructions from evacuation services

If you’re outdoor:

  • In closeness of highly hazardous chemical substances, choose the shortest way to step aside. If possible, move perpendicularly to the wind direction
  • Warn others of the danger
  • If you’re not familiar with the alarm reason, try to approach to a place from where emergency messages are being submitted
  • Follow the instructions of the emergency services

Alert cancellation:

Acoustic signal Verbal announcement
Attention! Attention! Attention!

I'm cancelling an alarm (kind of a threat) for ...

Continuous siren sound, broadcasted for 3 minutes Message repeated three times

WARNING!

Sirens are also being used for training purposes conducted by the local governors. Information about such training should be given to the media at least 24 hours before the exercise is going to start.

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